Regulation - LGIC

Proposed Amendment to the Schedule to Ontario Regulation 730 (General) under the Livestock Medicines Act

Regulation Number(s):
Bill or Act:
Livestock Medicines Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.23
Summary of Proposal:
OMAFRA proposes to amend the Livestock Medicines Act (LMA) Regulation 730 to remove medically-important antimicrobials (MIAs) from the list of prescribed Livestock Medicines, to accurately reference the updated drug schedules in the Drugs and Pharmacies Regulation Act and clearly reference what livestock medicines outlets (LMO) can or cannot sell.

To combat antimicrobial resistance, Health Canada is taking steps to limit access to antimicrobial drugs. In particular, it has indicated its plans to move all medically important antimicrobial drugs currently allowed for sale "over-the-counter" to the Prescription Drug List(PDL). So they can only be obtained with a prescription. Roughly 300 veterinary drugs would be affected, some of which are currently sold pursuant to the LMA. Health Canada expects to implement these changes by December 2018.

The province's LMA and Regulation 730 regulates the sale of medicines to livestock owners for use in livestock from retail outlets licensed under the Act. Listed livestock medicines currently include antimicrobials that will, under the federal proposal be added to the PDL.

OMAFRA supports the federal government efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance and proposes updates to Regulation 730 to align with Health Canada changes. Should the proposed federal and provincial change take effect, Ontario livestock owners would only be able to purchase MIAs with a prescription from a veterinarian. Feed mills may continue to sell MIAs mixed in feed but would require a valid prescription for that sale. Producers should discuss delivery options with their veterinarian if there are concerns about distance or timely treatment/access to MIAs.

Products containing the following active ingredients will no longer be sold at LMOs:
Penicillin G
Tetracycline/Chlortetracycline/Oxy tetracycline
Or their salts or derivatives

Please see the attached draft amendment to the regulation.

The LMA has worked well since the 1950s in allowing the sale of specific veterinary drugs for use in raising livestock as an exception to rules for human health and as an alternative to other animal health drugs sold by pharmacies and veterinarians. In 2017 drugs can be bought and sold through the internet, drug risks have changed and lists get out of date. Other jurisdictions have updated their regulations and Ontario is considering doing the same. A review of the LMA is needed for its currency, scope and ability to manage the risks.

We are looking for your input to identify issues and potential solutions for government consideration, including:

1. Who should be able to sell over-the-counter veterinary drugs (including vaccines and other biologics) and with what restrictions?
a) Veterinarians only
b) Pharmacists
c) Licensed retail outlets (LMOs)
d) Any retail store
e) Other (please specify)

Currently LMA sets out requirements related to expiry dates, refrigeration requirements, sales records, and allows sale of livestock medicines to livestock owners only (beef, poultry, etc.), not for aquaculture or beekeeping.

2. Are these restrictions adequate? If Yes, please explain. If No, Please explain.

Please identify most appropriate ways to manage risks related to the sale of over-the-counter veterinary drugs.
Further Information:
Proposal Number:
Posting Date:
November 14, 2017
Comments Due Date:
January 15, 2018
Contact Address:
Vicky Grahovac
Food Safety and Environmental Policy Branch
1 Stone Road W, Guelph ON N1G 4T6
Proposal Status:
Comment period has closed.